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Titanic was an ocean-going passenger ship powered by steam engines went into the history of the maritime industry as marine accident horrific and unexpected has happened to it as well as the mystery involved. Its official name is the RMS Titanic (RMS stands for Royal Mail Ship). Ships began to be closed in 1909 and was launched in 1912 . The ship is large, modern, splendor and luxury of the time, Titanic carry ambitions dominated trans- Atlantic shipping lanes of the company that owns it, The White Star Line shipping company . However, in the first Atlantic journey and is the last of it in April 1912 , the Titanic sank due to hit an iceberg, leaving more than 1,500 people died. The sinking of this has gone down in history as the worst maritime accident in peacetime.


Titanic disaster was the subject of a series of investigations, litigation, theory thriller at the same time lead to major changes in the international maritime safety regulations. Titanic became the context and the subject of many works of literature, art and cinema.


Titanic was a passenger ship of the White Star Line Company built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast and is designed to compete with the luxury ship and a fast Lusitania and Mauretania of the Cunard Company Line rivals on the Atlantic Ocean. Titanic and her sister ships Olympic and Gigantic, are Olympic class and is intended to become the most luxurious ships ever to operate. (The planned name Gigantic was changed to Britannic after the disaster.) Titanic was president of Harland and Wolff, Lord Pirrie , head of Harland and Wolff's design Thomas Andrews and management of Alexander Carlisle designing, plans regularly sent to the managing director of the White Star Line J. Bruce Ismay for comments and approval. The ship Titanic, JP Morgan and the International Mercantile Marine Co.. 's support capital starting March 31 nnam 1909. Titanic No. 401 was launched two years and two months after May 31, 1911. The installation of equipment for the Titanic was completed on March 31 next year.


Titanic was 882 feet 9 inches (269 m) wide and 92 feet 6 inches (28 m) in the horizontal side (longer than 6 inches from the sister ship the RMS Olympic.) Total amount of registered tonnage of 46,328 tons, and height from the water to the deck is 60 feet (18 m). It has two steam engine cylinder pistons back four and a Parsons turbine. The engine turns the propeller three. There 25 boilers ends and 4 the a Scotch style heated by 159 coal- fired oven makes it possible to reach the maximum speed of 23 knots (43 km/g). Only three of the four chimney height of 63 feet (19 m) ??its operations; the fourth ventilation is used, and is added to the vessel shape more impressive. Titanic could carry a total of 3,547 people including the crew, and because it carried mail, its name is added to the prefix RMS (Royal Mail Steamer) as well as SS (Steam Ship).


Titanic was considered a pinnacle of naval architecture and technological advances, and the magazine The shipbuilder hailed as "unsinkable".


Titanic with two layers of skin, containing 44 tanks for boiler and ballast to keep it balanced on the sea (the latter also ships with two layers of skin). Titanic lifeboat larger standard, a total of 20 units (though not enough for all passengers), and the designers have discussed the installation of additional lifeboats, depending on the cost issue. Titanic was divided into 16 compartments with doors opening and closing by the electromagnetic latch and operation with toggleable simple movements from the captain's bridge. However, watertight doors not reach the entire height of the deck , but only to the second-class deck (E-Deck). Titanic still floating when any four compartments flooded, or eleven of the fourteen zones of three compartments flooded, or four cabins start / end submerged, in addition it will sink.

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